Savannah is a city in the state of Georgia. It serves as the county seat of Chatham County. The former colonial capital of the Province of Georgia and former state capital of Georgia is now an essential seaport and thriving industrial center. The city of Savannah is the 4th largest city within the state and part of the 3rd biggest metropolitan area.
The city is fairly a popular place to go to and is able to draw Millions to the city every year, mainly to see the historic architecture. There really are plenty of historic buildings, such as the nation's oldest standing antebellum rail facility, as well as the Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, amongst the South's first public museums. The First African Baptist Church has one of the oldest African American Baptist congregation in the country. The historic home of Juliette Gordon Low, who founded of the Girl Scouts of the United States of America, is likewise within the city.
The city's recorded history dates back to the year 1733. British General James Oglethorpe led an expedition and landed along the Savannah River. Oglethorpe and the local Yamacraw Indian chief, Tomochichi, developed a friendship, which paved the way for the peaceful settlement of the city of Savannah. The 120 settlers on the ship founded the Georgia colony, that was named for England's King George II. As the colony's very first city, the city of Savannah represented a fresh start for the poor emigrants from England. Its purpose was to strengthen the colonies by promoting trade. The rich soil and mild weather of the region led to a significant cotton and rice business. But it was the invention of the cotton gin that boosted Savannah's fortunes. Savannah became a successful commercial port.
During The Civil War, Savannah endured a protracted blockage and economic hardship, ending in capture by Union forces. The city bounced back during post-war reconstruction and the cotton business once again caused the city to flourish. Nevertheless, the destructive infestation of boll weevils and the Great Depression brought the city of Savannah down again. Savannah was able to recoup following World War II.
The sectors of the military, manufacturing and tourism remain significant factors to the city's economy. The Port of Savannah is amongst the largest container ports in the country, likewise making it a major economic contributor to Savannah. One more significant sector is Transportation. A lot of local residents are employed in the diverse manufacturing sector, that comprises over 250 manufacturing facilities in the county. One of Savannah's largest businesses is International Paper. One more is Gulfstream Aerospace, that makes private jets. The North American head office of JCB, amongst the world's biggest manufacturers of construction equipment, is situated in Savannah.
The military has a strong presence within the region, and employs a lot of individuals at Hunter Army Airfield and Fort Stewart.